In the Pacific Northwest, garlic can be planted throughout October and into early November, so if you are in this area you still have time! The way I learned how to plant garlic is that you should soak the cloves in a solution of water, seaweed extract or fish emulsion, and baking soda for a couple of hours before planting. This is not only to promote the growth of the garlic, but also to help prevent fungal diseases. It’s a few extra steps that aren’t that hard, so this is the way I have always done it and I always end up with healthy, nice sized heads of garlic.
I save my biggest cloves for replanting from the previous year’s harvest, so I have been replanting the same variety of soft neck garlic for ten years now!
- 1 tablespoon seaweed extract or fish fertilizer
- 1 tablespoon baking soda
- Separate, but do not peel the cloves and put in a one quart jar
- Add water, seaweed extract or fish fertilizer, and baking soda
- Cover jar and shake
- Let sit for 2-4 hours
While the garlic is soaking, this is a good time to get your bed ready. Since the garlic will be in the bed through the winter and spring, until the summer, this is a good time to add compost and fertilizer to where you are going to plant your garlic.
Plant in rows 4-6 inches apart and 2 inches deep with root end down and mulch with straw. Starting in the spring, water with seaweed extract or fish emulsion every couple of weeks.